George Monbiot is a British writer known for his environmental and political activism. He writes a weekly column for The Guardian, and is the author of Heat: How to Stop the Planet Burning (2006) which focuses on climate change. He argues that a 90 percent reduction in carbon emissions is necessary in developed countries in order to prevent disastrous changes to the climate. He then sets out to demonstrate how such a reduction could be achieved within the United Kingdom without a significant fall in living standards, through changes in housing, power supply and transport. Heat was awarded the Premio Mazotti, an Italian book prize. But he was denied the money given with the prize because he refused to travel to Venice to collect it in person, arguing that it wasn’t a good enough reason to justify flying.